1. Monitor ovulation & menstrual cycle
You only get pregnant when a sperm meets an egg. Man’s sperm can survive in a woman’s body for about six days but a woman’s egg is fertile for only 12 to 24 hours after its release. And that egg only comes usually once a month .So it is very important to know when the egg is released from her ovaries. So you have a very short time to actually get pregnant. Women with regular cycles generally ovulate two weeks before the arrival of their periods. It’s harder to predict ovulation in women with irregular cycles, but it usually occurs 12 to 16 days before the start of the woman’s next period. There are several methods women can use to help determine their most fertile days each month. Home ovulation-prediction kits can take some of the guesswork out of finding when a woman is ovulating. The most fertile time is around the time of ovulation. During ovulation some women feel a twinge of pain in one side and cervical mucus may become thin and slippery. When cervical mucus becomes more slippery, it can help sperm make its way to the egg.
2. Take a prenatal vitamin / Folic acid
Pre-conception check up is needed by your obstetrician. You can be vaccinated before you try to get pregnant. Take a prenatal vitamin each day as directed by your obstetrician. Women to take 400 mcg of folic acid everyday for at least one month before getting pregnant to help prevent birth defects. it reduces the risk of having a baby with conditions such as spinal bifida.
3. Healthy foods
Everyone knows food is important to pregnant women. Eat five or six well-balanced meals each day. Eating a variety of healthy foods, fruits and vegetables can help prepare a woman’s body for pregnancy by giving her adequate stores of critical nutrients such as calcium, protein and iron.
4. Body weight
Overweight or underweight both are create problem to get pregnancy. According to research woman who is overweight (Her Body Mass Index, or BMI, is greater than 35) can take twice as long to become pregnant as a woman whose BMI is considered normal. A woman who is underweight (her BMI is less than 19) might take four times as long to conceive. Women who are underweight might not be getting regular periods or could stop ovulating, on the other hand excess weight is associated with polycystic ovarian syndrome, resulting in a hormone imbalance which can affect fertility and may cause miscarriages.
Smoking is not only bad for our health but also it may reduce fertility as well. Chemicals found in cigarette smoke, such as nicotine and carbon monoxide, speed up the loss rate of a woman’s eggs. Smoking or even passive smoking may affect a woman’s chances of getting pregnant. Smoking is one of the reasons for poorer quality sperm.
Exercise can help a woman’s body prepare for the demands of pregnancy and labor. it’s important for your general health and also can help reduce stress. But getting too much exercise or doing frequent strenuous workouts could interfere with ovulation. So to remain active you should continue the exercise, according to the recommendations of your doctor.
When a woman is hoping to become pregnant it’s safest to avoid alcohol. There is no safe amount of alcohol that women can drink during pregnancy, and it makes sense to stop drinking while trying to conceive too. Drinking alcohol one to two drinks per day or more than two drinks per day can make it difficult for a woman to get pregnant.
Manage your stress levels. Psychological preparations for getting pregnant are very important. Try to minimize the stress in your life. Exercise is a good way to get rid of stress. Stress management techniques such as slow and deep breathing, yoga and relaxing various muscle groups when you feel stressed.
9. Sex positions
The best sexual positions for baby-making are also important. Having sex in the ‘missionary position’ is best as it helps the sperm travel through the cervix. You can even put a cushion under you to tilt the pelvis further – some women have a tilted uterus and this can really help.
10. Ensure your sperm activity
Healthy, strong, and plentiful sperm have the best shot of fertilizing an egg. For optimum sperm production, a man’s testicles need to be below body temperature. so men should wear loose boxers instead of tight pants may help a man’s fertility, by keeping his testicles cool . So men should avoid any prolonged exposure to heat, from saunas, Jacuzzis, steam rooms, hot tubs or hot baths. Get enough of certain key nutrients like zinc, folic acid, calcium, and vitamins C and D – that help create strong and plentiful sperm.
11. Have sex at the right time
Baby-making sex need at the right time because sperm can survive for three to six days in your body. But women egg survives for only about a day. So you have a range of days for baby-making sex. Once you know the timeframe your egg is likely to be released from your ovary, you can plan to have sex during your most fertile days, which is usually about two/three days before ovulation through the day you ovulate.
You May read